An atrial septal defect is a hole between the upper chambers of the heart that remains open after birth. It can lead to enlargement of the right side of heart, heart rhythm problems ( arrhythmias ) and increase in pressure of the blood vessels of lungs among others.
Who requires an ASD closure ?
If the hole is small, it may not cause any problems or need treatment. But if the ASD is large, it can cause symptoms and complications, like
How is an ASD closed ?
ASD can be closed surgically (open heart surgery: defect is covered by a patch or directly closed with sutures i.e stitches) or non -surgically (catheter based device closure through the leg veins.) .